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FASEB J. 2019 Jan;33(1):1360-1373. doi: 10.1096/fj.201800615RR. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Facilitation of MrgprD by TRP-A1 promotes neuropathic pain.

Wang C1,2,3,4, Gu L1,2,3,4, Ruan Y1,2,3,4, Geng X1,2,3,4, Xu M5, Yang N1,6, Yu L1,2, Jiang Y1,2, Zhu C1,2,3,4, Yang Y1,2,3,4, Zhou Y1,2,3,4, Guan X1,2,3,4, Luo W7, Liu Q8,9,10, Dong X11,12, Yu G1,2,3,4, Lan L5, Tang Z1,2,3,4.

Author information

1
School of Medicine and Life Sciences, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine for Prevention and Treatment of Neurological Diseases, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.
3
State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Traditional Chinese Medicine Quality and Efficacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.
4
Key Laboratory of Drug Target and Drug for Degenerative Disease of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.
5
Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China.
6
Department of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine for Prevention and Treatment of Senile Diseases, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.
7
Department of Neuroscience, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
8
Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
9
Center for the Study of Itch, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
10
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
11
The Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience, Center for Sensory Biology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; and.
12
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

Neuropathic pain remains a therapeutic challenge because of its complicated mechanisms. Mas-related GPCR D (MrgprD) is specifically expressed in small-diameter, nociceptive neurons of dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and is implicated in pain modulation. However, the underlying mechanism of MrgprD involved in neuropathic pain remains elusive. In this study, we used behavioral experiments and physiologic examination methods to investigate the role of MrgprD in chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced neuropathic pain. We found that MrgprD is necessary for the initiation of mechanical hypersensitivity and cold allodynia, but not for heat allodynia. Moreover, we demonstrated that transient receptor potential cation channel (TRP)-A1 was the ion channel downstream of MrgprD, and the β-alanine-induced calcium signal was attributed mostly to TRP-A1 function. We further showed that PKA serves as a downstream mediator of β-alanine-activated MrgprD signaling to activate TRP-A1 in DRG neurons and in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, to coexpress MrgprD and TRP-A1 plasmids. Finally, we found that the β-alanine-induced pain behavior was increased, whereas the itching behavior was unchanged in CCI models compared with sham-injured animals. Knockout of TRPA1 also attenuated the β-alanine-induced pain behavior in CCI models. In conclusion, MrgprD is essential in cold allodynia in CCI-induced neuropathic pain through the PKA-TRP-A1 pathway. TRP-A1 facilitates MrgprD to development of neuropathic pain. Our findings reveal a novel mechanism of neuropathic pain formation and highlight MrgprD as a promising drug target for the treatment of neuropathic pain.-Wang, C., Gu, L., Ruan, Y., Geng, X., Xu, M., Yang, N., Yu, L., Jiang, Y., Zhu, C., Yang, Y., Zhou, Y., Guan, X., Luo, W., Liu, Q., Dong, X., Yu, G., Lan, L., Tang, Z. Facilitation of MrgprD by TRP-A1 promotes neuropathic pain.

KEYWORDS:

MrgprA1; dorsal root ganglia (DRG); protein kinase A (PKA)

PMID:
30148678
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201800615RR
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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