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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Jul;83(14):4978-82.

Amino acid sequence of mammalian elongation factor 2 deduced from the cDNA sequence: homology with GTP-binding proteins.


Complementary DNA clones, pHEW1 and pRE2, coding for hamster and rat polypeptide chain elongation factor 2 (EF-2), respectively, were isolated and sequenced. It was shown that the cDNA insert in pHEW1 contains a 2574-base-pair open reading frame coding for an 857-amino acid polypeptide with Mr 95,192, excluding the initiation methionine. Comparative studies of sequence homology among EF-2 and several GTP-binding proteins show that five regions in the amino-terminal position of EF-2, corresponding to about 160 amino acids, show homology with GTP-binding proteins, including protein synthesis elongation and initiation factors, mammalian ras proteins, and transducin. The carboxyl-terminal half of EF-2 contains several regions that have 34-75% homology with bacterial elongation factor G. These results suggest that the amino-terminal region of EF-2 participates in the GTP-binding and GTPase activity whereas the carboxyl-terminal region interacts with ribosomes. Finally, the sequence provides direct evidence that diphthamide (2-[3-carboxy-amido-3-(trimethylammonio)propyl]histidine), the site of ADP-ribosylation by diphtheria toxin, is produced by post-translational modification of a histidine residue in the primary translational product.

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