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Arch Virol. 2018 Dec;163(12):3265-3273. doi: 10.1007/s00705-018-4002-8. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Chimeric GII.3/GII.6 norovirus capsid (VP1) proteins: characterization by electron microscopy, trypsin sensitivity and binding to histo-blood group antigens.

Author information

1
The Sixth People's Hospital of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou, People's Republic of China.
2
Wuhan Institute of Biological Products, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
3
Zhengzhou Children's Hospital, Zhengzhou, People's Republic of China.
4
Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, People's Republic of China.
5
The Sixth People's Hospital of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou, People's Republic of China. 1246105971@qq.com.

Abstract

GII.3 and GII.6 noroviruses (NoVs) are similar in several aspects, including the presence of a short sequence insertion in the P2 domain of the major capsid protein (VP1) and trypsin susceptibility of VP1-containing virus-like particles (VLPs). In this study, we generated two constructs with the S or P domains of VP1 from GII.3 and GII.6 NoV strains exchanged (GII.3S/GII.6P and GII.6S/GII.3P), and the resultant chimeric capsid proteins were expressed from recombinant baculoviruses. The assembly of VLPs was confirmed by electron microscopy, and the susceptibility of assembled VLPs to trypsin digestion was analyzed by SDS-PAGE. Salivary histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) binding and binding blockade assays were performed to determine the binding characteristics of chimeric VP1-containing VLPs with and without trypsin digestion. Our results indicated that both expressed GII.3S/GII.6P and GII.6S/GII.3P chimeric proteins successfully assembled into VLPs. Trypsin digestion of VLPs assembled from both chimeric proteins led to the generation of two fragments with molecular sizes similar to those of wild-type VP1-containing VLPs. An in vitro salivary HBGA binding assay demonstrated that VLPs assembled from both chimeric proteins exhibited enhanced binding after trypsin cleavage. An HBGA binding blockade assay indicated that the binding of GII.3S/GII.6P and GII.6S/GII.3P VLPs against salivary HBGAs could only be blocked by GII.3 and GII.6 NoV VLP-specific hyperimmune sera, respectively. For GII.6 and GII.3S/GII.6P VLPs, a difference in binding enhancement after trypsin cleavage was observed. Our results demonstrate that the S domains of GII.3 and GII.6 NoV VP1 are interchangeable and that the S domain affects the binding of the P domain to HBGAs.

PMID:
30143876
DOI:
10.1007/s00705-018-4002-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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