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Med Mycol Case Rep. 2018 Aug 8;22:38-41. doi: 10.1016/j.mmcr.2018.08.004. eCollection 2018 Dec.

Canine rhinitis caused by an uncommonly-diagnosed fungus, Scedosporium apiospermum.

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1
School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Roseworthy 5371, Australia.
2
University Veterinary Teaching Hospital Sydney, The University of Sydney, Camperdown 2050, Australia.

Abstract

A Golden Retriever cross was presented with a four week history of violent sneezing and licking at the nasal planum. Nasal mycosis was diagnosed and Aspergillus sp. presumed the causative agent, until culture, PCR and DNA sequencing showed that Scedosporium apiospermum, an uncommonly diagnosed, yet emerging, fungal pathogen, was the agent responsible. Debridement of the fungal plaques and systemic itraconazole therapy resulted in complete resolution of clinical disease. We discuss the current literature on S. apiospermum, review its clinical significance and question the validity of its 'complex' taxonomy.

KEYWORDS:

Complex; Rhinitis; Scedosporiosis; Scedosporium; Systemic therapy; Taxonomy

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