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Mod Rheumatol. 2018 Oct 18:1-5. doi: 10.1080/14397595.2018.1514999. [Epub ahead of print]

HLA-DQB1 DPB1 alleles in Japanese patients with adult-onset Still's disease.

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a Department of Rheumatology , Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine , Fukushima , Japan.
b Molecular and Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine , University of Tsukuba , Tsukuba , Japan.
c Department of Rheumatology , Ohta Nishinouchi General Hospital Foundation , Koriyama , Fukushima , Japan.
d Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Unit of Translational Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences , Nagasaki University , Nagasaki , Japan.
e Department of Rheumatology , Sasebo Chuo Hospital , Sasebo , Japan.



HLA class II alleles are major determinants of genetic predisposition to rheumatic diseases. Predisposing effects of HLA had been suggested in AOSD, however, ethnic differences may account for variations in AOSD association with HLA. We determined the contribution of HLA-DQB1, DPB1 alleles to susceptibility to Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) in the Japanese population.


HLA-DQB1 and DPB1 alleles were analyzed in 87 Japanese patients with AOSD and 413 Japanese healthy subjects.


We found significant association between HLA-DQB1*06:02 (Pc = 0.010, odds ratio: 2.54) and AOSD, whereas there was no association between the DQB1*06:02 allele and disease phenotypes of AOSD. Moreover, we did not find a predisposing effect of the HLA-DPB1 allele to AOSD. Haplotype analysis showed that presence of DRB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02 was associated with Japanese patients with AOSD. However, conditional logistic regression tests were unable to demonstrate independent association between DRB1*1501 or DQB1*0602 and AOSD.


Our results show significant association between AOSD and the HLA DQB1*06:02 allele, and between the DRB1*1501-DQB1*06:02 haplotype and AOSD susceptibility. These findings suggest that genetic susceptibility to AOSD depends on the genotype combinations of HLA DRB1 and DQB1 alleles.


Adult-onset Still’s disease; HLA; autoinflammatory disease; genetic factors

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