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Internet Interv. 2017 Nov 26;11:20-29. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2017.11.006. eCollection 2018 Mar.

Long-term telemental health prevention interventions for youth: A rapid review.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
Library of the Health Sciences, Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
College of Medicine, Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
Department of Pediatrics, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.
The Robert S. and Grace W. Stone Primary Prevention Initiatives, Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, USA.



This rapid review identifies and summarizes the effectiveness of preventative telemental health interventions. It investigates studies conducted between 2010 and 2016 that improve mood and anxiety with long-term follow-up.


A literature search of three major databases was performed by four reviewers. After citation tracing, 3604 studies were discovered, and twenty of these met the inclusion criteria. Data from the papers were abstracted, assessed for quality, and effect sizes were calculated.


Salient information was discussed using the Behavioural Vaccine Model of mental illness prevention. This included key concepts such as efficacy, duration of benefits, sociocultural relevance, professional guidance, peer-to-peer support, adherence, delivery and safety.


This review suggests there are clear prolonged benefits to using technology in youth mental illness prevention. Although this is a rapidly growing area of investigation in countries around the globe, there is still a dearth of research with long-term follow-up. Future studies should aim to boost engagement by increasing motivational guidance in order to recruit at-risk youth of all demographics into these promising intervention programs.


Anxiety; Depression; Mental health; Mood; Rapid review; Technology; Youth

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