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Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 22;8(1):12561. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-30906-8.

Geriatric nutritional risk index predicts prognosis after hepatectomy in elderly patients with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Liver Surgery & Liver transplantation center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
2
Department of Hepato-pancreato-biliary Surgery, Sichuan cancer hospital, Chengdu, China.
3
Department of Liver Surgery & Liver transplantation center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. yangjygyz@163.com.

Abstract

Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a novel and useful screening tool for evaluating nutritional status in elderly in-patients. We aimed to investigate whether the preoperative GNRI could be a predictive factor for outcomes in patients over 65 years of age with a diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We retrospectively enrolled 261 consecutive HCC patients after hepatectomy and classified them into four risk groups based on the GNRI values: high risk (GNRI, <82), moderate risk (GNRI, 82-92), low risk (GNRI, 92-98), and normal (GNRI, >98). We found that the lower GNRI value was significantly associated with severe postoperative complications (P < 0.001) and liver failure (P < 0.001). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, high risk- and moderate risk GNRI groups were identified as independent risk factors for postoperative serve complications and liver failure. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed preoperative GNRI (P < 0.001) adversely affected overall survival. In conclusion, preoperative GNRI could predict severe postoperative complications included liver failure, and the lower GNRI value was associated with worse overall survival after hepatectomy in elderly HCC patients.

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