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Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Nov;17(11):2271-2284. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-1210. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Loss of NF2 Induces TGFβ Receptor 1-mediated Noncanonical and Oncogenic TGFβ Signaling: Implication of the Therapeutic Effect of TGFβ Receptor 1 Inhibitor on NF2 Syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, College of Natural Science, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Science, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Food Engineering, College of Agricultural Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Molecular Biology, College of Natural Science, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea. bjpark1219@pusan.ac.kr.
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Contributed equally

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) syndrome is a very rare human genetic disease, and there has been no proper treatment for it until now. In our recent study, it has been reported that the loss of NF2 activates MAPK signaling through reduction of RKIP in a mesothelioma model. Here, we show that loss of NF2 induces reduction of the TGFβ receptor 2 (TβR2) expression, and an overwhelming expression of TGFβ receptor 1 (TβR1) is activated by physical stimuli such as pressure or heavy materials. Activated TβR1 induces the phosphorylation and degradation of RKIP. RKIP reduction consequently results in MAPK activation as well as Snail-mediated p53 suppression and occurrence of EMT in NF2-deficient cells by physical stimuli. Thus, TβR1 kinase inhibitors restore cell differentiation and induce growth suppression in NF2-deficient Schwannoma cell line and MEF. Moreover, TEW7197, a specific TβR1 kinase inhibitor, reduces tumor formation in the NF2-model mouse (Postn-Cre;NF2f/f). Gene expression profiling reveals that TEW7197 treatment induces the expression of lipid metabolism-related gene set, such as NF2-restored cells in HEI-193 (NF2-deficient Schwannoma). Our results indicate that reduction or deletion of TβR2 or NF2 induces the TβR1-mediated oncogenic pathway, and therefore inhibition of the unbalanced TGFβ signaling is a putative strategy for NF2-related cancers (NF2 syndrome and mesothelioma) and TβR2-mutated advanced cancers. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(11); 2271-84. ©2018 AACR.

PMID:
30135214
DOI:
10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-1210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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