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Trials. 2018 Aug 22;19(1):454. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2750-0.

Effect of acupuncture for constipation after ischemic stroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
2
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Shunyi Hospital affiliated to Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. sjq100037@sina.com.
4
Dongfang Hospital affiliated to Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China. lcz623780@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Constipation is a common complication after stroke that can severely influence a patient's quality of life and rehabilitation. Treatments for constipation after stroke vary. Acupuncture may improve spontaneous bowel movements, quality of life, and clinical symptoms. The study seeks to assess the preliminary effects of acupuncture on constipation after an ischemic stroke.

METHODS/DESIGN:

This is a prospective randomized controlled pilot trial design in which 120 eligible patients will be randomly allocated to one of three groups. The acupuncture group (n = 40) will receive acupuncture and routine care, the medication group (n = 40) will receive mosapride citrate and routine care, and the control group (n = 40) will receive only routine care for ischemic stroke. Patients will be recruited 2 weeks to 6 months after stroke onset and will receive the intervention continuously over 4 weeks, with a follow-up period of 4 additional weeks. Adverse events will be recorded to assess the safety and tolerability of acupuncture for constipation after an ischemic stroke. The primary outcome will be the change in the weekly mean number of complete spontaneous bowel movements. Secondary outcomes will include any change in the weekly mean number of spontaneous bowel movements, mean stool consistency scores, mean straining scores during defecation, and frequency of laxative use. All outcome measures will be assessed at inception, after the intervention (4 weeks), and at the follow-up (8 weeks).

DISCUSSION:

This study will provide evidence of the preliminary effects and inform future sample size calculations for studies of acupuncture for constipation following an ischemic stroke. These findings will inform subsequent large-scale randomized controlled trials.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ISRCTN, 22214747 . Registered on 17 August 2015.

KEYWORDS:

Acupuncture; Constipation; Ischemic stroke; Study protocol

PMID:
30134942
PMCID:
PMC6106942
DOI:
10.1186/s13063-018-2750-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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