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Nutrients. 2018 Aug 21;10(9). pii: E1129. doi: 10.3390/nu10091129.

The Effect of Digestion and Digestibility on Allergenicity of Food.

Author information

1
Comparative Medicine, The Interuniversity Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Medical University Vienna and University Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. isabella.pali@vetmeduni.ac.at.
2
Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18⁻20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. isabella.pali@vetmeduni.ac.at.
3
Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18⁻20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. eva.untersmayr@meduniwien.ac.at.
4
Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18⁻20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. martina.klems@meduniwien.ac.at.
5
Comparative Medicine, The Interuniversity Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Medical University Vienna and University Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. erika.jensen-jarolim@meduniwien.ac.at.
6
Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18⁻20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. erika.jensen-jarolim@meduniwien.ac.at.

Abstract

Food allergy prevalence numbers are still on the rise. Apart from environmental influences, dietary habits, food availability and life-style factors, medication could also play a role. For immune tolerance of food, several contributing factors ensure that dietary compounds are immunologically ignored and serve only as source for energy and nutrient supply. Functional digestion along the gastrointestinal tract is essential for the molecular breakdown and a prerequisite for appropriate uptake in the intestine. Digestion and digestibility of carbohydrates and proteins thus critically affect the risk of food allergy development. In this review, we highlight the influence of amylases, gastric acid- and trypsin-inhibitors, as well as of food processing in the context of food allergenicity.

KEYWORDS:

Maillard; acid suppressing medication; anti-acid; bariatric surgery; blocked digestion; food allergy; gastritis; impaired digestion; reflux; ulcer

PMID:
30134536
PMCID:
PMC6164088
DOI:
10.3390/nu10091129
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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