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Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Jul 15;32(7):873-879. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.201802001.

[Histological properties of autogenous hamstring grafts after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Sports Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital), Shenzhen Guangdong, 518000, P.R.China;Department of Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518061, P.R.China.
2
Department of Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518061, P.R.China.1574938149@qq.com.
3
Department of Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518061, P.R.China.
4
Department of Sports Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital), Shenzhen Guangdong, 518000, P.R.China.
5
Department of Sports Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital), Shenzhen Guangdong, 518000, P.R.China;Department of Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518061, P.R.China.winerl@sina.com.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective:

To investigate the histological characteristics of autogenous hamstring grafts after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

Methods:

The patients who underwent arthroscopic single-bundle ACL reconstruction with autogenous hamstring tendons and were followed up at least 4 years and also underwent second-look arthroscopy between March 2017 and December 2017 and met the selection criteria were considered for enrollment. Graft quality under arthroscopy was evaluated as good remodeling group (GRG, the total scores were 4-6) and poor remodeling group (PRG, the total scores were 1-3) according to synovial and vascular coverage, the apparent tension of the grafts, the thickness and retear of the grafts. During the second-look arthroscopic procedures, ACL graft biopsies were performed. Normal ACL tissues harvested from the patients under 60 years old who underwent total knee arthroplasty were designated as normal controls. Graft vascularity, cellular morphology, cellular metabolism, and collagen fibril distribution were analyzed.

Results:

The 18 specimens (11 cases of GRG group and 7 cases of PRG group) and 9 native ACL biopsied tissue sample were enrolled into the study. Arthroscopy scores were 2-6 (mean, 4.7). The biology under light microscopy of GRG group was similar to that of native ACL in control group. There was no significant difference in the scores of graft vascularity and cellular morphology between GRG group and control group ( P>0.05), while PRG group was significantly lower than the other two groups ( P<0.05). Transmission electron microscope evaluation showed that GRG group and control group had better collagen fibril distribution and lower levels of cellular metabolism than PRG group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cellular metabolism between GRG and control groups ( P>0.05), while collagen fibril distribution score of GRG group was significantly lower than that of control group ( P<0.05).

Conclusion:

While good remodeling grafts under arthroscopy in histological maturation period was proved to be more similar to normal ACL on ultrastructure properties under light and electron microscope, ultra structural differences regarding collagen fibril distribution still persist.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior cruciate ligament; graft; histology; ligamentization; ultrastructure

PMID:
30129311
DOI:
10.7507/1002-1892.201802001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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