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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Aug 19;15(8). pii: E1781. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15081781.

Eat or Skip Breakfast? The Important Role of Breakfast Quality for Health-Related Quality of Life, Stress and Depression in Spanish Adolescents.

Author information

1
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain. rosario.ferrer@ua.es.
2
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain. miriam.sanchez@ua.es.
3
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain. nicolas.ruiz@ua.es.
4
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain. natalia.albaladejo@ua.es.
5
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain. ana.laguna@ua.es.
6
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain. ana.zaragoza@ua.es.

Abstract

This study examined the associations between eating or skipping breakfast and the quality of breakfast eaten on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), perceived stress and depression in 527 Spanish adolescents. Results showed differences in stress and two domains of HRQOL; Moods and Emotions and Parent Relations and Home Life between adolescent breakfast skippers and eaters, those having breakfast showing higher levels of stress and poor HRQOL. When breakfast quality was analyzed in breakfast eaters, adolescents who ate a good quality breakfast showed better HRQOL and lower levels of stress and depression than those who ate a poor or very poor quality breakfast. Further, breakfast skippers showed better HRQOL and lower levels of stress and depression than breakfast eaters who ate a poor or very poor quality breakfast. These findings indicate the importance of eating a good quality breakfast, rather than just having or not having breakfast. The conclusions of the present study are especially relevant for clinicians and nutritional educators, given the significant impact of breakfast quality on health-related quality of life, stress and depression observed in the adolescents studied.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; breakfast; depression; health-related quality of life; stress

PMID:
30126240
PMCID:
PMC6121474
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph15081781
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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