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Am J Reprod Immunol. 2018 Nov;80(5):e13038. doi: 10.1111/aji.13038. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Human leukocyte antigen DQ2/DQ8 positivity in women with history of stillbirth.

Author information

1
Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad (IVI) - IVI-RMA Global Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
2
Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences, Careggi University Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
3
Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences, Gastroenterology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.
4
Genetics Diagnostics - Laboratory of Immunogenetics and Transplant Biology, Careggi Hospital, Florence, Italy.
5
Post Graduate School of Public Health, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
6
Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Health Sciences, Careggi University Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
7
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Abstract

PROBLEM:

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) DQ2 and DQ8 haplotypes, two common polymorphisms associate with celiac disease (CD), in women with previous stillbirth, but not affected by CD.

METHOD OF STUDY:

Women with history of unexplained term stillbirth referred to our Center for High-Risk Pregnancies for a preconception counseling, and women with previous uncomplicated pregnancies, were enrolled as cases and controls. Celiac women were excluded from the study. Genetic tests for HLA DQ2/DQ8 were performed, and patients' data were compared.

RESULTS:

The population included 56 women with a previous term stillbirth and 379 women with history of uncomplicated pregnancies. The prevalence of HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 positivity was significantly higher in cases than in controls (50% vs 29.5%) (P = 0.0031). Women with HLA DQ8 genotype have a significantly higher risk of stillbirth (OR: 2.84 CI: 1.1840-6.817) and in case of DQ2 genotype the OR for stillbirth was even higher (OR: 4.46 CI: 2.408-8.270). In the stillbirth group, SGA neonates were significantly more frequent in those with HLA-DQ2/DQ8 haplotypes than in those resulted negative to genetic testing (85.7% vs 42 .8%, P = 0.004).

CONCLUSION:

In women with history of term stillbirth, a significantly higher prevalence of HLA DQ2/DQ8 haplotypes has been found compared to women with previous uneventful pregnancies. In addition, HLA DQ2/DQ8 positivity was significantly associated with suboptimal fetal growth in intrauterine fetal death cases, as shown by an increased prevalence of SGA babies.

KEYWORDS:

HLA DQ2; HLA DQ8; human leukocyte antigen; small for gestational age; stillbirth

PMID:
30125434
DOI:
10.1111/aji.13038

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