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J Conserv Dent. 2018 Jul-Aug;21(4):383-387. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_286_16.

Comparisons by microcomputed tomography of the efficiency of different irrigation techniques for removing dentinal debris from artificial grooves.

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Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental Materials and Endodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Department of Operative Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Department of Dentistry Campos Sobral, Federal University of Ceara, Sobral, Ceara, Brazil.



The aim of this study was compare the capacity of different irrigation protocols for debris removal from artificial grooves and assess the effectiveness of Easy Clean used in different kinematics by means of micro-CT.


Fifty acrylic prototyped maxillary incisors were instrumented and included in a muffle. The specimens were longitudinally sectioned, and a longitudinal groove was made on the inner surface of the root canal in one of hemisections, and the dentin debris was inserted into the grooves. The specimens were divided into five groups (n = 10): G1: Conventional with open-ended needle; G2: Conventional with double side-vented needle; G3: Easy Clean in reciprocating movement; G4: Easy clean in continuous rotation (ECCR); and G5: Passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). All specimens were scanned using microcomputed tomography before and after the irrigation technique and calculated the volume (mm3) of dentin debris. The paired t-test and post hoc Tukey test were the statistical tests used, with significance set at 5%.


There were no significant difference (P > 0.05) between PUI and ECCR. ECCR was significantly (P < 0.05) more effective than the groups of conventional irrigation techniques.


PUI and ECCR favored the removal of a larger volume of dentin debris from the groove.


Dentin debris; endodontic irrigation; microcomputed tomography; ultrasonics

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