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J Immunol. 1986 Jun 15;136(12):4496-502.

Properties of a specific interleukin 1 (IL 1) receptor on human Epstein Barr virus-transformed B lymphocytes: identity of the receptor for IL 1-alpha and IL 1-beta.


The properties of specific human interleukin 1 (IL 1) receptors on human Epstein Barr virus-transformed B lymphocytes (EBV-B) were studied. Purified human IL 1-beta from a myelomonocytic cell line (THP-1) was labeled with 125I by the Bolton-Hunter method without detectable loss of biological activity. Among four EBV-B cell lines tested, a pre-B cell type (VDS-O) specifically bound the highest amount of 125I-IL 1-beta. Maximal binding was reached within 20 min at 4 degrees C. Scatchard plot analysis of the binding of 125I-IL 1-beta to VDS-O cells yielded a Kd (dissociation constant) of 2.4 to 5.9 X 10(-10) M with 110 to 220 binding (receptor) sites/cell. The binding of 125I-IL 1-beta to VDS-O cells was also inhibited by F(ab)'2 fragments of anti-human IL 1 and recombinant human IL 1-alpha, as well as by unlabeled human IL 1-beta but not by recombinant lymphotoxin, recombinant tumor necrosis factor, or phorbol myristic acid, suggesting that IL 1-alpha and IL 1-beta bind specifically to the same receptor. The m.w. of IL 1 receptor on human EBV-B cells was estimated to be 60,000 by both the chemical cross-linking method and high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) gel filtration analysis of receptor extracted from membrane enriched fraction by a non-ionic detergent (CHAPS). The isoelectric point of solubilized human IL 1 receptor was 7.3 on HPLC chromatofocusing. The evidence of existence of IL 1 receptor on human EBV-B cells additionally supports the hypothesis that IL 1 may be an autocrine signal for these cells.

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