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J Biol Chem. 1986 Jun 15;261(17):7819-23.

Partial identity of the 2-oxoglutarate and ascorbate binding sites of prolyl 4-hydroxylase.

Abstract

Various hydroxybenzenes, hydroxybenzoic acids, and related compounds resemble structurally both 2-oxoglutarate and ascorbate, two reactants needed in the reaction of prolyl 4-hydroxylase. These substances were found to inhibit prolyl 4-hydroxylase competitively with respect to both cosubstrates. Ortho-dihydroxy derivatives, which are capable of chelating the enzyme-bound iron, were the most effective inhibitors, with Ki values of about 5 microM. In contrast, pyridine 2-carboxylates, which have previously been reported to inhibit the enzyme competitively with respect to 2-oxoglutarate, were found to inhibit it uncompetitively with respect to ascorbate. In a separate set of experiments the side chain of the ascorbate molecule was shown to make no significant contribution to the binding of the reductant to the enzyme, as D(-)-isoascorbate and 5,6-O-isopropylidene ascorbate gave essentially the same Vmax and Km values as ascorbate. On the other hand, structural modifications of the ring atoms that abolished the chelating capacity destroyed both the cosubstrate and inhibitory activity, as in L-galactono gamma-lactone. The ascorbate binding site therefore appears to consist of two cis-positioned coordination sites of the enzyme-bound iron and is thus partially identical to the binding site of 2-oxoglutarate. This mode of interaction suggests that ascorbate reduces the enzyme-bound iron through an "inner-sphere" mechanism. The inhibitors studied appear to react at different phases of the catalytic cycle, determined by the oxidation state of the enzyme-bound iron atom.

PMID:
3011801
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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