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J Postgrad Med. 2018 Oct-Dec;64(4):243-246. doi: 10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_623_17.

Proptosis and hemiplegia as an initial manifestation of multiple myeloma.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, GCRI, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a monoclonal gammopathy, also known as the malignant proliferation of plasma cells, presenting with typical complications such as hypercalcemia, osteolytic bone lesions, anemia, renal insufficiency, and frequent infections. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in MM in the form of parenchymal involvement is very uncommon and has been reported only in 1% of patients. CNS involvement as an initial presentation is very rare and has poor prognosis. Also specific treatment guidelines do not exist for the treatment of such patients. We present here a case of a 40-year-old female patient, with complaints of headache and left eye proptosis followed by left-sided hemiparesis, who after complete workup was diagnosed as a de novo case of stage III extramedullary MM with CNS involvement. Patient was treated with whole brain radiation followed by BCD regimen (injection of bortezomib, injection of cyclophosphamide, and tablet dexamethasone). After three cycles of chemotherapy, patient succumbed in view of consolidation and renal failure.

KEYWORDS:

Bortezomib; central nervous system involvement; extramedullary; multiple myeloma

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