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Nutrients. 2018 Aug 16;10(8). pii: E1103. doi: 10.3390/nu10081103.

Muscle and Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women: Role of Protein and Vitamin D Supplementation Combined with Exercise Training.

Author information

1
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. deborah.agostini@uniurb.it.
2
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. sabrina.zeppa@uniurb.it.
3
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. francesco.lucertini@uniurb.it.
4
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. giosue.annibalini@uniurb.it.
5
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. marco.gervasi@uniurb.it.
6
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. carlo.ferrimarini@uniurb.it.
7
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. giovanni.piccoli@uniurb.it.
8
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. vilberto.stocchi@uniurb.it.
9
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. elena.barbieri@uniurb.it.
10
Interuniversity Institute of Myology (IIM), University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. elena.barbieri@uniurb.it.
11
Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy. piero.sestili@uniurb.it.

Abstract

Menopause is an age-dependent physiological condition associated with a natural decline in oestrogen levels, which causes a progressive decrease of muscle mass and strength and bone density. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis often coexist in elderly people, with a prevalence of the latter in elderly women. The profound interaction between muscle and bone induces a negative resonance between the two tissues affected by these disorders worsening the quality of life in the postmenopausal period. It has been estimated that at least 1 in 3 women over age 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures, often requiring hospitalisation and long-term care, causing a large financial burden to health insurance systems. Hormonal replacement therapy is effective in osteoporosis prevention, but concerns have been raised with regard to its safety. On the whole, the increase in life expectancy for postmenopausal women along with the need to improve their quality of life makes it necessary to develop specific and safe therapeutic strategies, alternative to hormonal replacement therapy, targeting both sarcopenia and osteoporosis progression. This review will examine the rationale and the effects of dietary protein, vitamin D and calcium supplementation combined with a specifically-designed exercise training prescription as a strategy to counteract these postmenopausal-associated disorders.

KEYWORDS:

dietary protein; exercise; osteoporosis; postmenopausal women; sarcopenia; vitamin D

PMID:
30115856
PMCID:
PMC6116194
DOI:
10.3390/nu10081103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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