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Chemosphere. 2018 Oct;209:964-971. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.06.167. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

The silk gland damage and the transcriptional response to detoxifying enzymes-related genes of Bombyx mori under phoxim exposure.

Author information

1
School of Basic Medicine and Biological Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, PR China.
2
School of Basic Medicine and Biological Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, PR China; National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, PR China. Electronic address: lib@suda.edu.cn.

Abstract

Silk gland is a major organ of Bombyx mori for the synthesis and secretion of silk protein. Phoxim exposure can be toxic to B. mori and causes a decrease of fibroin synthesis, finally affecting the silk production in industry. To study the mechanism of metabolism and detoxification of silk gland under phoxim exposure, we measured the residual quantity of phoxim in silk gland and hemolymph after phoxim exposure, and the detoxifying enzymes-related genes and enzyme activity were also investigated. Results indicated that the residual amount of phoxim existed up to 24 h in silk gland compared with that in hemolymph, suggesting that phoxim can accumulate in the silk glands within a certain time course. The transcriptional levels of PI3K/Akt genes, including Akt, Tor1, p70s6k and 4e-bp, were up-regulated by 6.919, 1.358, 10.766 and 7.708-fold, respectively. The expression of two downstream genes (CncC and Keap1) was up-regulated by 1.939 and 3.373-fold, respectively. In addition, the transcriptional levels of detoxification-related genes including CYP6AB, CYP306A, CarE2, GST1 and GSTd1 were up-regulated by 1.731, 1.221, 1.366, 1.376 and 6.591-fold, respectively. The enzymatic activity of CYP450, CarE and GST were increased over time. These results provided possible insights into the injury of silk gland and the transcriptional response to detoxifying enzymes-related genes in silkworm after phoxim exposure.

KEYWORDS:

Bombyx mori; Detoxification enzyme; PI3K/Akt/CncC signaling pathway; Phoxim; Silk gland

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