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Exp Cell Res. 1986 Jun;164(2):353-65.

Fusion of fluorescently labeled Sendai virus envelopes with living cultured cells as monitored by fluorescence dequenching.


Fluorescently labeled (bearing N-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole-phosphatidylethanolamine (N-NBD-PE)) reconstituted Sendai virus envelopes (RSVE) were used to study fusion between the viral envelopes and cultured living cells such as lymphoma, Friend erythroleukemia cells (FELC) and L cells. Incubation of fusogenic viruses with the above cell lines resulted in a relatively high degree (40-45%) of fluorescence dequenching. On the other hand, incubation of unfusogenic (trypsin or phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride (PMSF)-treated) RSVE with these cells led to very little (6-9%) fluorescence dequenching. The degree of fluorescence dequenching was linearly correlated to the surface density of the virus-inserted N-NBD-PE molecules. Fluorescence photobleaching recovery experiments showed that fusion of fluorescent RSVE with FELC resulted in an infinite dilution of the fluorescent molecules in the recipient cell membranes. The fluorescent probe 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (N-NBD-Cl) was covalently attached to envelopes of intact Sendai virions without significantly impairing their biological activity. Incubation of fluorescently labeled, intact Sendai virions with cultured cells resulted in about 20% fluorescence dequenching. The present data clearly indicate that fluorescently labeled Sendai virions can be used for a quantitative estimation of the degree of virus-membrane fusion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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