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Medwave. 2018 Aug 6;18(4):e7235. doi: 10.5867/medwave.2018.04.7236.

Does vitamin C prevent the common cold?

[Article in English, Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile.
2
Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile; Centro Evidencia UC, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
3
Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile; Departamento de Medicina Familiar, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Email: acortigoza@uc.cl. Address: Centro Evidencia UC, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Diagonal Paraguay 476, Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

INTRODUCTION:

The common cold is one of the most common diseases. It is generally believed that the consumption of vitamin C prevents its appearance, but the actual efficacy of this measure is controversial.

METHODS:

To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

We identified eight systematic reviews including 45 studies overall, of which 31 were randomized trials. We concluded the consumption of vitamin C does not prevent the incidence of common cold.

PMID:
30113569
DOI:
10.5867/medwave.2018.04.7236
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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