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Bio Protoc. 2018 Jul 20;8(14). pii: e2938. doi: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2938.

Measuring CD38 Hydrolase and Cyclase Activities: 1,N6-Ethenonicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (ε-NAD) and Nicotinamide Guanine Dinucleotide (NGD) Fluorescence-based Methods.

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Signal Transduction and Molecular Nutrition Laboratory, Kogod Aging Center, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, USA.
Contributed equally


CD38 is a multifunctional enzyme involved in calcium signaling and Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD+) metabolism. Through its major activity, the hydrolysis of NAD+, CD38 helps maintain the appropriate levels of this molecule for all NAD+-dependent metabolic processes to occur. Due to current advances and studies relating NAD+ decline and the development of multiple age-related conditions and diseases, CD38 gained importance in both basic science and clinical settings. The discovery and development of strategies to modulate its function and, possibly, treat diseases and improve health span put CD38 under the spotlights. Therefore, a consistent and reliable method to measure its activity and explore its use in medicine is required. We describe here the methods how our group measures both the hydrolase and cyclase activity of CD38, utilizing a fluorescence-based enzymatic assay performed in a plate reader using 1,N6-Ethenonicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (ε-NAD) and Nicotinamide Guanine Dinucleotide (NGD) as substrates, respectively.


Aging; CD38; Cyclase; Hydrolase; NAD+; NADase; NGD; ε-NAD

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