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J Family Med Prim Care. 2018 May-Jun;7(3):618-628. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_56_18.

Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage associated with dengue fever: An emerging concern for general physicians.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Dengue fever (DF) is an arboviral disease caused by a positive-sense RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus. The overall incidence of DF has increased exponentially worldwide over the last three decades. The atypical clinical manifestations of DF grouped under expanded dengue syndrome (EDS), have also been reported more frequently for the last decade. These unusual manifestations are usually associated with coinfections, comorbidities, or complications of prolonged shock. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the rare manifestations of the central nervous system involvement by dengue as a part of EDS. The pathogenesis and treatment of this manifestation also remain controversial. Therefore, we report a case of a previously healthy 65-year-old female who developed ICH as a part of EDS along with a brief review of literature.

KEYWORDS:

Dengue fever; expanded dengue syndrome; intracranial hemorrhage

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