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J Family Med Prim Care. 2018 May-Jun;7(3):538-541. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_7_17.

Musculoskeletal manifestations of tuberculosis: An observational study.

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Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Max Shalimar Bagh Hospital, New Delhi, India.



Data of musculoskeletal manifestations of tuberculosis (TB) are limited to case reports, series, or retrospective studies. Therefore, we conducted this study to create awareness among doctors about musculoskeletal manifestations of TB.

Materials and Methods:

This was a prospective observational study conducted at a referral TB Hospital in North India in September and October 2016. The aim of our study was to study musculoskeletal manifestations of TB. We included patients who had active TB as per the World Health Organization 2010 criteria. Patients with other chronic illnesses were excluded. A detailed history, examination, and appropriate investigations (blood, urine, serological, and radiological) of the 100 consecutive patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were recorded.


The mean age of patients was 32.16 ± 12.93 years. Male-to-female ratio was 43:57. The mean duration of disease was 6.85 ± 8.83 months. Of the 100 patients, 60 (60%) had pulmonary TB. The mean duration of antitubercular therapy was 1.79 ± 1.34 months. Fibromyalgia was classified in 21 (21%) patients, polyarthralgia was seen in 9 (9%), Pott's spine in 7 (7%), osteomyelitis in 4 (4%), and scleritis in 2 (2%) patients. Uveitis, tenosynovitis, erythema induratum, subcutaneous abscess, and dactylitis were seen in 1 (1%) patient each. In 21 patients who had fibromyalgia, 11 developed fibromyalgia with the second episode of TB amounting to 60.75% patients.


This is the first prospective study to look at the musculoskeletal manifestations of TB. Patients with active TB were found to have various rheumatological manifestations.


Fibromyalgia; Poncet's; Pott's spine; Tuberculosis; osteomyelitis; rheumatology; uveitis

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