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Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2018 Aug;26(4):1122-1128. doi: 10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2018.04.030.

[Detection and Diagnostic Values of JAK2, CALR, MPL Gene Mutations in 208 Cases of BCR/ABL1 Negative Chronic Myeloproliferative Diseases].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Hematology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing100029, China.E-mail: zryyxy2013@163.com.
2
Department of Hematology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing100029, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To detect the JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations in patients with BCR/ABL1 negative chronic myeloproliferative diseases(BCR/ABL1-CMPD)and to evaluate their diagnostic value.

METHODS:

Two hundred and eight cases of BCR/ABL1-CMPD comprising of 146 cases of essential thrombocythemia(ET), 37 cases of polycythemia vera(PV)and 25 cases of primary myelofibrosis(PMF)from March 2012 to December 2015 were enrolled in the BCR/ABL1-CMPD, while 124 cases of secondary thrombocythemia and 73 cases of secondary polycythemia were enrolled in the control group. The genomic DNA and total RNA Were isolated from bone marrow or peripheral blood, then the exons 12 to 20 of JAK2 gene, exon 10 of MPL gene and exons 3 to 9 of CALR gene were analyzed by using DNA sequencing.

RESULTS:

among 146 ET patients, the JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were found in: 138 cases(94.5%)including 86 cases with JAK2V617F mutation(58.9%)and 2 cases(1.4%)with exon 12 of JAK2 mutations. CALR mutations were detected in 41 cases(28.1%), among them type 1(c.1092_1143del)in 22 cases, type 2(c.1154_1155insTTGTC)in 11 cases, and type 5(c. 1091_1142del), type 8(c.1104_1137del), type 41(c.1107_1137del), type 42(c.1125_1125del)in one case respectively. In addition, 4 cases were detected withother mutations of the CALR gene(c.1107_1115del, c.1111_1144 del, c.1101 A>C, c.1112_1117del). Moreover, 9 cases harbored MPL mutations(6.2%). Secondly, 31 patients were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(83.8%)in 37 cases of PV, and JAK2 exon 12 mutations were found in 2 cases(5.4%). Besides, CALR mutations were detected in 2 cases(5.4%), including 1 case of type I, the other of novel mutation of CALR. Thirdly, 19 in 25 cases of PMF were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(76%), 2 cases with CALR mutations(8%). 4 patients(16%), JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were not detected, but among them 3 cases were found harboring other genetic abnormalities. Fourthly, no mutations of JAK2, MPL and CALR genes were detected in 124 patients with secondary thrombocytosis and 73 cases with secondary polycythemia.

CONCLUSION:

Combined detection of JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations can cover the vast majority of patients with BCR/ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. For higher frequencies of the mutations of CALR in ET patients, CALR mutation can be used as a new diagnostic marker in ET patients with JAK2 and MPL wild type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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