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Healthc Inform Res. 2018 Jul;24(3):242-246. doi: 10.4258/hir.2018.24.3.242. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Construction of an Electrocardiogram Database Including 12 Lead Waveforms.

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Department of Biomedical Informatics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Cardiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ajou University Graduate School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.



Electrocardiogram (ECG) data are important for the study of cardiovascular disease and adverse drug reactions. Although the development of analytical techniques such as machine learning has improved our ability to extract useful information from ECGs, there is a lack of easily available ECG data for research purposes. We previously published an article on a database of ECG parameters and related clinical data (ECG-ViEW), which we have now updated with additional 12-lead waveform information.


All ECGs stored in portable document format (PDF) were collected from a tertiary teaching hospital in Korea over a 23-year study period. We developed software which can extract all ECG parameters and waveform information from the ECG reports in PDF format and stored it in a database (meta data) and a text file (raw waveform).


Our database includes all parameters (ventricular rate, PR interval, QRS duration, QT/QTc interval, P-R-T axes, and interpretations) and 12-lead waveforms (for leads I, II, III, aVR, aVL, aVF, V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, and V6) from 1,039,550 ECGs (from 447,445 patients). Demographics, drug exposure data, diagnosis history, and laboratory test results (serum calcium, magnesium, and potassium levels) were also extracted from electronic medical records and linked to the ECG information.


Electrocardiogram information that includes 12 lead waveforms was extracted and transformed into a form that can be analyzed. The description and programming codes in this case report could be a reference for other researchers to build ECG databases using their own local ECG repository.


Adverse Drug Reaction; Database; Electrocardiogram; QT Interval; Waveform

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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