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Euro Surveill. 2018 Aug;23(32). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.32.1800427.

An early start of West Nile virus seasonal transmission: the added value of One Heath surveillance in detecting early circulation and triggering timely response in Italy, June to July 2018.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.
2
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale Abruzzo e Molise, Teramo, Italy.
3
Directorate of Prevention, Food Safety, and Veterinary Public Health, Veneto Region, Venice, Italy.
4
Directorate of Prevention, Food Safety, and Veterinary Public Health, Emilia-Romagna Region, Bologna, Italy.
5
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale Lombardia ed Emilia-Romagna, Sezione di Reggio Emilia, Italy.
6
Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, Italy.
7
Italian National Blood Centre, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.
8
Italian National Transplant Centre, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.
9
Italian Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.
10
The members of the working group are listed at the end of the article.

Abstract

In Italy, the 2018 West Nile virus transmission season started early with a high number of cases reported. One-Health surveillance, within the Italian West Nile national preparedness and response plan, detected viral circulation 9 days before symptom-onset of the first confirmed human case; triggering timely implementation of blood and transplant safety measures. This is an example of how functional coordination allows health authorities to use early warning triggers from surveillance systems to implement preventive measures.

KEYWORDS:

One Health surveillance; West Nile Virus

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