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J Anxiety Disord. 2018 Oct;59:10-16. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.08.001. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Does CBT for anxiety-related disorders alter suicidal ideation? Findings from a naturalistic sample.

Author information

1
University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, Department of Psychiatry, 3535 Market Street Suite 600 N, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: lilybr@upenn.edu.
2
University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, Department of Psychiatry, 3535 Market Street Suite 600 N, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
3
University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, Department of Psychiatry, 3535 Market Street Suite 600 N, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: aasnaani@upenn.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anxiety disorders commonly co-occur with suicidal ideation (SI). To our knowledge, no studies have reported on the baseline prevalence of SI and the reduction in SI in a naturalistic sample receiving cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety-related disorders.

METHODS:

Participants (n = 355) recruited from an anxiety specialty clinic reported SI at pre-, mid-, and post-CBT. Multilevel mixed effects logistic regression models compared differences in SI endorsement over Time.

RESULTS:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) were associated with significantly elevated baseline SI relative to specific phobia. PTSD and unspecified anxiety-related disorders were associated with significant reductions in SI, whereas reductions in SAD, GAD, OCD, and panic disorder did not reach significance. Rates of new onset and exacerbation of SI were low.

DISCUSSION:

CBT for anxiety disorders was associated with significant reductions in SI over time, with no evidence for exacerbation of suicide risk. Clinical implications are discussed, as well as future research directions to further understand the effect of anxiety disorder treatments on SI.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety disorders; Cognitive behavior therapy; Naturalistic research; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Suicide

PMID:
30107264
DOI:
10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.08.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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