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Bioconjug Chem. 2018 Sep 19;29(9):3104-3112. doi: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.8b00456. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

The Recombinant and Reconstituted Novel Albumin-Lidamycin Conjugate Shows Lasting Tumor Imaging and Intensively Enhanced Therapeutic Efficacy.

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1
Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology , Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College , Beijing , 100050 , P.R. China.

Abstract

Depending on increasing extracellular protein utilization and altering metabolic programs, cancer cells could proliferate and survive without restricion by ingesting human serum albumin (HSA) to serve as nutritional amino acids. Here, we hypothesize that the consumption of albumin by cancer cells could be utilized as an efficient approach to targeted drug delivery. Lidamycin (LDM), an antitumor antibiotic with extremely potent cytotoxicity to cultured cancer cells, consists of an apoprotein (LDP) and an active enediyne chromophore (AE). In the present study, a novel albumin-lidamycin conjugate was prepared by DNA recombination and molecular reconstitution. Results show that the IC50 values of albumin-lidamycin conjugate (HSA-LDP-AE) for a variety of tested cancer cells were at subnanomolar levels. At tolerated doses, the albumin-lidamycin conjugate significantly inhibited the growth of lung carcinoma PG-BE1 xenografts by 97.8%. The therapeutic efficacy of the albumin-lidamycin conjugate was much stronger than that of free lidamycin. Meanwhile, the images of albumin-lidamycin conjugate showed obvious and lasting tumor localization and fluorescence enrichment and there was no detectable signal in nontumor locations. Taken together, albumin-lidamycin conjugate, a new format of lidamycin, could be a promising antitumor therapeutic agent and albumin-integration might be a feasible approach to targeted antitumor drug delivery.

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