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BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Aug 11;2018. pii: bcr-2018-225794. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2018-225794.

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in rural China: lack of public awareness, unaffordable costs and poor clinical management.

Author information

1
Department of Tuberculosis, Shenyang Tenth People's Hospital and Shenyang Chest Hospital, Shenyang, China.
2
School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

China has the second highest global incidence and prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). We describe here the life experience of a rural Chinese farmer with complicated and aggressive TB. It is unclear if this patient contracted MDR-TB initially or developed MDR-TB during treatment because the initial laboratory results are dubious. The lack of public awareness of TB in rural China fuelled by a belief in toxicity of TB treatment, as mentioned by his brother, caused the patient to stop his TB treatment repeatedly long before completion. The cost of MDR-TB treatment in China is unaffordable for most Chinese, especially those in rural areas. He paid about ¥300 000 (almost US$50 000) for his TB treatment. He was discharged early twice for 'financial difficulties'. This case highlights excessive costs, lack of public awareness, poor patient education, inadequate follow-up, lack of coordination between clinical services and the importance of treatment adherence.

KEYWORDS:

global health; healthcare improvement and patient safety; infectious diseases; tb and other respiratory infections

PMID:
30100573
DOI:
10.1136/bcr-2018-225794
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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