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J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2018 Jul;22(3):798-804. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.08.006. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Effects of Mat Pilates on hip and knee isokinetic torque parameters in elderly women.

Author information

1
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Laboratório de Biomecânica, Centro de Desportos, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: josefinabv85@gmail.com.
2
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Laboratório de Biomecânica, Centro de Desportos, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.
3
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Laboratório de Pesquisa do Exercício, Departamento de Educação Física, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the effects of Mat Pilates on isokinetic torque of the lower limbs in elderly women. Fourteen elderly women (Age 62 ± 3 yr) participated in 12 weeks of Mat Pilates training (60-min sessions, 3 times per week). Repetitions increased every 4 weeks and the difficulty of exercises progressed from beginner to intermediate and advanced. Peak torque was assessed before (week -4 and week 0, considered as a control period) and after 6 and 12 weeks of a periodized Mat Pilates intervention. The results showed significant improvements (p < 0.05) in concentric and eccentric peak torque of knee flexors muscles, hip flexor and extensor muscles after 12 weeks. Mechanical work showed significant improvement (p < 0.05) for knee extensor muscles during eccentric contractions after week 12, for hip extensor muscles during concentric contractions week 12, and for flexor muscles during concentric and eccentric contractions after week 12. We conclude that the periodization of Mat Pilates induced significant improvements in multiple isokinetic torque parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Isokinetic assessments; Muscle contractions; Physical activity

PMID:
30100315
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.08.006

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