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Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2018 Nov;91(8):1041-1050. doi: 10.1007/s00420-018-1343-2. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Improving the knowledge and behavior of workplace chemical exposures in Vietnamese-American nail salon workers: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. tquach@ahschc.org.
2
California Healthy Nail Salon Collaborative/Asian Health Services, Oakland, CA, USA. tquach@ahschc.org.
3
Asian Health Services, Administrative Offices, 101 8th Street, Suite 100, Oakland, CA, 94607, USA. tquach@ahschc.org.
4
Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.
5
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
6
California Healthy Nail Salon Collaborative/Asian Health Services, Oakland, CA, USA.
7
State Compensation Insurance Fund, Safety and Health Services, Santa Ana, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We assessed the efficacy of trainings with Vietnamese nail salon owners and workers on knowledge and behaviors that could reduce exposures to toxic chemicals in nail products.

METHODS:

We trained Vietnamese salon owners in California (nā€‰=ā€‰77) who then trained their workers (nā€‰=ā€‰200) on best practices. In a cluster randomized controlled trial, we assessed the efficacy of the training on change in knowledge and self-reported behaviors. Data were collected from 2013 to 2016 and analyzed from 2016 to 2017.

RESULTS:

Compared to the control group, the intervention group had significantly greater increases in knowledge about: safer nail polishes [odds ratio (OR) 3.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9, 7.2)]; proper ventilation methods (OR 4.2; 95% CI 2.2, 8.1); recommended glove types (OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.9, 6.3); and recommended product handling and storage (OR 4.1; 95% CI 1.7, 9.9). The intervention also increased best practices: using safer nail polishes (OR 3.6; 95% CI 1.9, 6.8); reading product labels (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.3, 5.0); and wearing long sleeves (OR 2.4; 95% CI 1.3, 4.2).

CONCLUSIONS:

The owner-to-worker intervention with culturally and linguistically appropriate training for salon owners who then trained workers was effective in promoting knowledge and self-reported behaviors that can reduce workplace chemical exposures.

KEYWORDS:

Asian Americans; California; Knowledge; Nails; Small business; Surveys and questionnaires; Workplace

PMID:
30099583
DOI:
10.1007/s00420-018-1343-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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