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J Neurosci. 1986 Apr;6(4):1122-8.

Response properties of horizontal cells in the isolated retina of wild-type and pearl mutant mice.


Intracellular recordings were made from axon bearing horizontal cells in isolated retinas (with retinal pigment epithelium removed) of normal and pearl mutant mice superfused with mammalian Ringer's solution. Cells were injected with Lucifer yellow and identified by their morphology and their response wave-forms. On impalement, we measured a dark, resting voltage of 25-35 mV. All cells had similar spectral sensitivities that were consistent with the CIE scotopic relative spectral luminosity function. For stimuli of high irradiance, two types of responses could be distinguished, based on their waveform at stimulus offset. One consisted of a rapid and wavelength-dependent repolarization followed by a small, slow hyperpolarization. The other consisted of a large, long-lived, and wavelength-independent after-hyperpolarization. The former were recorded from the somatic end and the latter from the axon terminal arborization. The spatial distribution of sensitivity was measured in over 100 locations within the receptive field using small stimuli. The area within which sensitivity of the soma was within 0.1 log unit of the maximal sensitivity was larger than that of the soma dendritic field, but the sizes were nearly equal for the terminal arborization. No secondary maximum of sensitivity was noted over the dendritic field of the unimpaled part of the cell. For the terminal arborization, the half-saturating irradiance for diffuse 502 nm stimuli was about 180 photons micron-2 sec-1, about one-tenth that for the soma. These values are in good agreement with those for cat and rabbit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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