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J Neurobiol. 1986 Mar;17(2):103-12.

What is the correct value for Na, K-ATPase activity in homogenates of cerebral cortex?


Activity of Na, K-ATPase in homogenates of fresh cerebral cortex of rats was compared with that of cortex frozen under different conditions. Activity yields after rapid in situ freezing of the exposed cerebral cortex were twice, higher (26.1 U) than in homogenates of the fresh cortex (13.3 U). Fresh brain kept on ice for 60 and 300 s and subsequently frozen in liquid nitrogen yielded activities comparable to those of the tissue frozen in situ (24.1 U and 24.9 U for 60 s and 300 s periods, respectively). Inhibition of Na, K-ATPase by 10(-7) M vanadate was significantly stronger (38%) in homogenates of the fresh brain then in those of the cortex frozen in situ (28%). High Na, K-ATPase activity (47.6 U) in suspensions of synaptosomal membranes (SM) prepared from fresh cortical homogenates was only slightly inhibited by 10(-7) M vanadate (12%). Various treatments of homogenates or SM suspensions, like increase of piston rotation speed, repeated freezing and thawing procedure or vigorous shaking did not significantly affect the enzyme activity. Mg-ATPase activity and its sensitivity to vanadate was also modified by tissue treatment but the effect was much less pronounced.

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