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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1986 Apr;60(4):1268-73.

Intensity and duration effects of exercise on heart cAMP, phosphorylase, and glycogen.


Glycogen, phosphorylase, and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) were determined in rat heart following an acute exercise bout. Intensity and duration of exercise were varied to gain further insights into the mechanism regulating myocardial glycogenolysis during exercise. Groups of rats were run at either 15 or 30 m/min for 0, 5, 10, 15, or 30 min and immediately killed. Heart glycogen degradation was influenced by intensity and duration of exercise and was independent of cAMP levels and activation of phosphorylase to its a form. cAMP levels were increased in the heart, dependent on intensity and duration of exercise. Phosphorylase in the a form increased at the onset of exercise, independent of intensity, and remained elevated throughout the exercise despite little or no glycogenolysis. Absolute phosphorylase a activity was also increased with exercise and was independent of intensity of exercise. Compared with resting levels, total phosphorylase activity was decreased at all times at the lower exercise intensity, whereas total phosphorylase activity declined at the higher intensity only after glycogenolysis had occurred. These data suggest that myocardial glycogen degradation during exercise can occur independently of cAMP and that the percentage of phosphorylase in the a form is not a good indicator of glycogenolytic rate.

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