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Niger J Physiol Sci. 2018 Jun 30;33(1):63-67.

Undergraduate Students' Understanding of Physiology Subject, Opinions and Perception: The Case of Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

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Human Physiology courses are compulsory in medical education but many students encounter challenges instudying them. This study investigates understandings, opinions and perceptions of students about physiology subject andthe challenges they encounter in their study. Two hundred and eighty (280) students were interviewed using structuredquestionnaire. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS statistics 22. The mean age of the students was 22.8 ± 4.1 years.Males constituted 174(62.1%), while females were 106 (37.9%). Majority of the respondents were in 300 level of study inthe university 178(63.6%) as of the time of conducting this research. Most of the participants 257(91.8%) claimed to havegood to excellent understanding of the physiology subjects. One hundred and nine (39.1%) alleged that academic staff hadunfriendly attitude like rushing lectures, commencing lectures late and fixing tests and other continuous assessment close toexaminations, and that lecturers have poor communication/ teaching skills. Less than one-third (28.7%) believed that thesubjects have bulky course contents, and 56(20.1%) were of the opinion that the students' lack of seriousness or interest isamong the reasons for failing physiology courses. On binary logistic regression, being of female sex, and in 300 level ofstudy emerged as the independent predictors of the students' perception of physiology. Improving the pedagogy 102(36.4%),good attitude of staff towards students and teaching 73(26.1%), improving infrastructure and equipment 35(12.5%); andinstituting guidance and counseling unit for both staff and student 31(11.1%) were the ways suggested by the students forimproving performance in physiology subject. Most of the students had poor and negative perception about physiologysubjects (83.2%). Guidance and counseling for students, through the level coordinators and the mentor-mentee programshould be strengthened in all departments. Basic infrastructure and equipment, and teaching techniques should also beupgraded.


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