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Cell. 1986 May 9;45(3):397-406.

In vitro protein translocation across the yeast endoplasmic reticulum: ATP-dependent posttranslational translocation of the prepro-alpha-factor.


The in vitro synthesized precursor of the alpha-factor pheromone, prepro-alpha-factor, of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was translocated across yeast microsomal membranes in either a homologous or a wheat germ cell free system. Translocated prepro-alpha-factor was glycosylated, sedimented with yeast microsomal vesicles, and was protected from digestion by added protease, but was soluble after alkaline sodium carbonate treatment. Thus prepro-alpha-factor was properly sequestered within yeast microsomal vesicles, but was not integrated into the lipid bilayer. In marked contrast to protein translocation across mammalian microsomal membranes, translocation of prepro-alpha-factor across yeast microsomal membranes could occur posttranslationally. This reaction required protein components in the yeast microsomal fraction that could be inactivated by alkylation or proteolysis, was ATP-dependent, and was insensitive to the presence of a variety of uncouplers and ionophores.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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