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Mol Imaging Biol. 2019 Jun;21(3):509-518. doi: 10.1007/s11307-018-1260-5.

Development and In Vivo Preclinical Imaging of Fluorine-18-Labeled Synaptic Vesicle Protein 2A (SV2A) PET Tracers.

Author information

1
Invicro, LLC, 60 Temple St., Suite 8B, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA. cconstantinescu@invicro.com.
2
Invicro, LLC, 60 Temple St., Suite 8B, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.
3
Xing Imaging, 760 Temple St., New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) serves as a biomarker of synaptic density and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of SV2A could provide a tool to assess progression of neurodegenerative diseases. Two tracers have primarily been reported and characterized in vivo: [11C]UCB-J and [18F]UCB-H. In early human studies, [11C]UCB-J showed promising results, while its F-18-labeled analogue [18F]UCB-H showed suboptimal specific signal in comparison to [11C]UCB-J. Considering the limited use of [11C]UCB-J to facilities with a cyclotron, having a F-18 variant would facilitate large, multicenter imaging trials. We have screened several F-18 derivatives of UCB-J in non-human primates and identified a promising F-18 PET candidate, [18F]MNI-1126, with additional investigations of the racemate [18F]MNI-1038, affording a signal comparable to [11C]UCB-J.

PROCEDURES:

F-18 derivatives of UCB-J and UCB-H were synthesized and administered to non-human primates for microPET imaging. Following screenings, [18F]MNI-1038 (racemate) and [18F]MNI-1126 (R-enantiomer) were identified with the highest signal and favorable kinetics and were selected for further imaging. Kinetic modeling with one- and two-tissue compartmental models, and linear methods were applied to PET data using metabolite-corrected arterial input function. Pre-block scans with levetiracetam (LEV, 10, 30 mg/kg, iv) were performed to determine the tracers' in vivo specificity for SV2A. Two whole-body PET studies were performed with [18F]MNI-1038 in one male and one female rhesus, and radiation absorbed dose estimates and effective dose (ED, ICRP-103) were estimated with OLINDA/EXM 2.0.

RESULTS:

All compounds screened displayed very good brain penetration, with a plasma-free fraction of ~ 40 %. [18F]MNI-1126 and [18F]MNI-1038 showed uptake and distribution the most consistent with UCB-J, while the other derivatives showed suboptimal results, with similar or lower uptake than [18F]UCB-H. VT of [18F]MNI-1126 and [18F]MNI-1038 was high in all gray matter regions (within animal averages ~ 30 ml/cm3) and highly correlated with [11C]UCB-J (r > 0.99). Pre-blocking of [18F]MNI-1126 or [18F]MNI-1038 with LEV showed robust occupancy across all gray matter regions, similar to that reported with [11C]UCB-J (~ 85 % at 30 mg/kg, ~ 65 % at 10 mg/kg). Using the centrum semiovale as a reference region, BPND of [18F]MNI-1126 reached values of up to ~ 30 to 40 % higher than those reported for [11C]UCB-J. From whole-body imaging average ED of [18F]MNI-1038 was estimated to be 22.3 μSv/MBq, with tracer being eliminated via both urinary and hepatobiliary pathways.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have identified a F-18-labeled tracer ([18F]MNI-1126) that exhibits comparable in vivo characteristics and specificity for SV2A to [11C]UCB-J in non-human primates, which makes [18F]MNI-1126 a promising PET radiotracer for imaging SV2A in human trials.

KEYWORDS:

F-18; MNI-126; Neurodegenerative disorders; PET imaging; SV2A; Synaptic density

PMID:
30084043
DOI:
10.1007/s11307-018-1260-5

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