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Cureus. 2018 Jun 1;10(6):e2725. doi: 10.7759/cureus.2725.

Towel Uterus Model for Uterine Compression Sutures Technical Skills Training: A Review of Literature and Development of a Performance Rubric.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mcgill University, Montreal, Qc, Canada, McGill University Health Centre.
Department of Innovation in Medical Education, University of Ottawa.


Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) continues to be the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide, occurring in about five percent of deliveries. The most common cause of PPH is uterine atony, and a number of medical and surgical management techniques are available to prevent morbidity and mortality associated with PPH in this context. Uterine compression sutures provide a more conservative surgical approach, allowing for the preservation of fertility. Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) residents need to be adequately trained to competently perform this technique. The goal of this surgical skills training is for Ob/Gyn residents to be able to surgically manage PPH using uterine compression sutures. A uterine towel model for surgical skills training in the use of uterine compression sutures was developed. The simulator is explained and compared to similar models. Possible ways to implement and use the simulator in a simulation curriculum are also described. A performance-based assessment rubric was also developed in order to formatively aid with the learning and understanding of the technique. Much work is still needed to test the validity and reliability of this tool, but based on current literature, results may be promising.


medical education; obstetrics; simulation-based assessment; simulator; uterine compression sutures

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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