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Int J Psychiatry Med. 2019 Jan;54(1):64-73. doi: 10.1177/0091217418791443. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Lessons in early identification and treatment from a case of disabling vitamin C deficiency in a child with autism spectrum disorder.

Author information

1
1 Hurley Medical Center, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogenous neurodevelopmental condition accompanied by a variety of associated features. Case reports suggest one such associated feature, food selectivity, increases risk for nutritional deficiencies; however, little attention has been given to prevent and treat nutritional deficiencies in youth with autism spectrum disorder.

METHOD:

Single case report.

RESULTS:

This single case report presents a child with autism spectrum disorder and food selectivity difficulties that resulted in severe vitamin C deficiency. Although eventually corrected, the nutritional deficiency was debilitating, required invasive interventions, and resulted in significant social/emotional and economic costs.

CONCLUSIONS:

We review the course of treatment and highlight strategies to prevent and more effectively treat nutritional deficiencies in youth with autism spectrum disorder.

KEYWORDS:

autism spectrum disorder; food selectivity; nutritional deficiency; prevention; treatment

PMID:
30079810
DOI:
10.1177/0091217418791443

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