Send to

Choose Destination
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019 Feb;1438(1):30-39. doi: 10.1111/nyas.13944. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

Effects of creativity on social and behavioral adjustment in 7- to 11-year-old children.

Author information

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.


This study sought to explore whether creativity in undertaking activities such as free writing, telling a story, crafts, painting, drawing, or drama at age 7 is associated with a lower risk of social and behavioral maladjustment in children at the onset of adolescence. Data from 7558 7-year-olds who were socially and behaviorally "stable" at baseline were analyzed from the nationally representative National Child Development Study. Multinomial regression analyses showed associations between teacher-rated creativity at age 7 and a lower relative risk of social and behavioral instability and maladjustment at age 11. Specifically, the associations were found between moderate and marked creativity and a lower risk of symptoms of internalizing behaviors (including depression and withdrawal), externalizing behaviors (such as restlessness) as well as a lower risk of various nervous symptoms of social and behavioral instability and maladjustment. Associations were independent of social, demographic, educational, parental, academic, and personality covariates, and robust to a range of sensitivity analyses. These results suggest that facilitating engagement with creative activities could be explored further as a way of reducing levels of instability and maladjustment at the onset of adolescence.


behavioral adjustment; children; creativity; depression; maladjustment; social adjustment

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center