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Neurochem Res. 2018 Oct;43(10):1879-1886. doi: 10.1007/s11064-018-2605-9. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

miR-3075 Inhibited the Migration of Schwann Cells by Targeting Cntn2.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Neuroregeneration of Jiangsu and Ministry of Education, Co-innovation Center of Neuroregeneration, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Neuroregeneration of Jiangsu and Ministry of Education, Co-innovation Center of Neuroregeneration, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China. qiantm86@163.com.

Abstract

Peripheral nerve injury is a complex biological process that involves the expression changes of various coding and non-coding RNAs. Previously, a number of novel miRNAs that were dysregulated in rat sciatic nerve stumps after peripheral nerve injury were identified and functionally annotated by Solexa sequencing. In the current study, we studied one of these identified novel miRNAs, miR-3075, in depth. Results of transwell-based cell migration assay showed that increased expression of miR-3075 suppressed the migration rate of Schwann cells while decreased expression of miR-3075 elevated the migration rate of Schwann cells, demonstrating that miR-3075 inhibited Schwann cell migration. Results of BrdU cell proliferation assay showed that neither miR-3075 mimic nor miR-3075 inhibitor would affect Schwann cell proliferation. We further studied candidate target genes of miR-3075 by using bioinformatic tools and analyzing gene expression patterns and found that miR-3075 might target contactin 2 (Cntn2). Previous study showed that Cntn2 regulated cell migration and myelination. Our current observation suggested that the biological effects of miR-3075 on Schwann cell phenotype might by through the negative regulation of Cntn2. Overall, our study revealed the function of a novel miRNA, miR-3075, and expanded our current understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying peripheral nerve injury and regeneration.

KEYWORDS:

Cntn2; Migration; Peripheral nerve injury; Schwann cells; miR-3075

PMID:
30078168
DOI:
10.1007/s11064-018-2605-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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