Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Antiviral Res. 2018 Oct;158:25-33. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.07.025. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

LL-37 disrupts the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus envelope and inhibits infection in oral epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida, Box 100424, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.
2
Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida, Box 100424, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA; UF Genetics Institute, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA; UF Health Cancer Center, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.
3
Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida, Box 100424, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA. Electronic address: gdiamond@dental.ufl.edu.

Abstract

Oral epithelial cells (OECs) represent the first line of defense against viruses that are spread via saliva, including Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). Infection of humans by KSHV and viral pathogenesis begins by infecting OECs. One method OECs use to limit viral infections in the oral cavity is the production of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), or host defense peptides (HDPs). However, no studies have investigated the antiviral activities of any HDP against KSHV. The goal of this study was to determine the antiviral activity of one HDP, LL-37, against KSHV in the context of infecting OECs. Our results show that LL-37 significantly decreased KSHV's ability to infect OECs in both a structure- and dose-dependent manner. However, this activity does not stem from affecting OECs, but instead the virions themselves. We found that LL-37 exerts its antiviral activity against KSHV by disrupting the viral envelope, which can inhibit viral entry into OECs. Our data suggest that LL-37 exhibits a marked antiviral activity against KSHV during infection of oral epithelial cells, which can play an important role in host defense against oral KSHV infection. Thus, we propose that inducing LL-37 expression endogenously in oral epithelial cells, or potentially introducing as a therapy, may help restrict oral KSHV infection and ultimately KSHV-associated diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Antimicrobial peptide; Gingival epithelium; Host defense peptide; KSHV; LL-37; Saliva

PMID:
30076864
PMCID:
PMC6383517
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.07.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center