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J Biol Response Mod. 1986 Feb;5(1):61-72.

Purified interleukin-2 induces proliferation of fresh human lymphocytes in the absence of exogenous stimuli.


Highly purified interleukin-2 (IL-2) induced proliferation of fresh human peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (PBML) in the absence of identifiable exogenous mitogenic or antigenic stimuli. Dose dependent proliferation was observed with three IL-2 preparations, including two preparations purified from natural sources and a preparation produced by recombinant DNA techniques. Both T and non-T cells proliferated. Purified helper/inducer and suppressor/cytotoxic T cells cultured in the absence of non-T cells proliferated only weakly; the proliferative response to IL-2 was restored by the addition of irradiated non-T cells. Proliferation to IL-2 was not blocked by the monoclonal antibody anti-Leu 4, which reacts with a component of the T-cell receptor complex for antigen and blocks mitogen and antigen-induced T-cell responses. Monoclonal antibody to HLA-DR also failed to significantly block the proliferation of resting cells to IL-2. The IL-2 induced proliferative response thus appears to be dependent on interactions between different subpopulations of PBML but probably does not simply reflect augmentation by IL-2 of antigen-driven or autoreactive processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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