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Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(31):e11392. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000011392.

Prognostic significance of PIK3CA mutation in stage IIB to IVA cervical cancers treated by concurrent chemoradiotherapy with weekly cisplatin.

Author information

1
Doctoral Program in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine.
3
Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

The standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer is cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Although the activated PI3-kinase/Akt pathway is known to be involved in both cisplatin-resistance and radioresistance, to date, only a few studies have reported significant associations between PIK3CA gene mutational status and outcome by CCRT in the disease. The aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic significance of PIK3CA mutational status in cervical cancers treated by CCRT.We analyzed PIK3CA mutation in 59 patients with stage IIB to IVA cervical carcinomas primarily treated by CCRT with weekly cisplatin using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens before treatment. Fifty-seven of 59 patients (97%) had locally advanced cancers with stage IIIA to IVA. Clinicopathologic data and patient survival were retrospectively compared according to PIK3CA mutational status.PIK3CA mutation was found in 7 of 59 patients (12%). No significant differences in clinicopathologic characteristics were observed according to PIK3CA mutational status. Patients with wild-type PIK3CA showed significantly improved cancer-specific survival as compared with mutated patients (P = .044). Subsequent survival analyses revealed that PIK3CA mutation was a significant prognostic factor for poor overall survival [multivariate adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 3.9; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.3-11.8; P = .017] and cancer-specific survival (multivariate adjusted HR, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.2-11.0; P = .024).Together with previous published findings, the current study further supports the clinical significance of PIK3CA mutation in cervical cancer. Our observations suggest that molecular inhibitors targeting the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway may improve the outcome by CCRT in cervical cancers harboring PIK3CA mutation, providing significant implications for novel treatment strategy based on precision medicine in the disease.

PMID:
30075505
PMCID:
PMC6081058
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000011392
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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