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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2018 Sep;143:282-287. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2018.07.031. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Glycemic control and microvascular complications in adults with type 1 diabetes and long-lasting treated celiac disease: A case-control study.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
2
Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
3
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: bcapaldo@unina.it.

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate whether in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) patients the concomitance of long-lasting celiac disease (CD) treated with a gluten free diet (GFD) impacts glycaemic control and the prevalence/severity of microvascular complications.

METHODS:

A case-control, observational study was performed in 34 patients with T1DM and GFD-treated CD and 66 patients with T1DM alone matched for age, gender, and T1DM duration. Anthropometric parameters, glucose control (HbA1c), status of chronic complications and concomitant autoimmune diseases were evaluated.

RESULTS:

HbA1c level was similar in T1DM + CD and T1DM alone (7.8 ± 1.0 vs 7.7 ± 1.1%, P = 0.57); insulin requirement was significantly higher in T1DM + CD compared with T1DM (P = 0.04). There were no differences in systolic blood pressure while diastolic blood pressure was significantly lower in T1DM + CD (P = 0.003). The prevalence/severity of microvascular complications was similar between the two groups. Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was significantly lower in T1DM + CD (100 ± 20 vs 110 ± 16 ml/min/1.73 m2, P = 0.007).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with T1DM, the co-occurrence of long-term GFD-treated CD neither worsens glycemic control nor negatively impacts chronic microvascular complications. However, patients with T1DM + CD have lower eGFR values than those with T1DM alone.

KEYWORDS:

Celiac disease; Glomerular filtration rate; Glycemic control; Microvascular complications; Type 1 diabetes

PMID:
30075178
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabres.2018.07.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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