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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2018 Oct;78(6):477-482. doi: 10.1080/00365513.2018.1499957. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Comparison of second- and third-generation immunoassays for detection of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies.

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a Department of Laboratory Medicine , Veterans Health Service (VHS) Medical Center , Seoul , Korea.
b Department of Laboratory Medicine , Konkuk University School of Medicine , Seoul , Korea.
c Department of Internal Medicine , Konkuk University School of Medicine , Seoul , Korea.


Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCPs) are important diagnostic markers for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We evaluated the analytical and clinical performance of the QUANTA Flash CCP3 (INOVA Diagnostics, USA), a fully automated third-generation anti-CCP assay, in comparison with three second-generation anti-CCP (CCP2) assays. A total of 300 sera (67 from RA patients, 64 from other rheumatic diseases, 43 from osteoarthritis [OA], and 126 from other conditions) were tested with QUANTA Flash CCP3, Kallestad Anti-CCP II (Bio-Rad, USA), Elecsys Anti-CCP (Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Germany), and ARCHITECT Anti-CCP (Abbott Diagnostics, USA). Within-run and total imprecision (% coefficient of variation) of the QUANTA Flash CCP3 were <6%, and its linearity was acceptable over the claimed range (4.0-2,749.7 chemiluminescent units). The frequency of anti-CCP was similar between QUANTA Flash CCP3 and the other CCP2 assays in the RA (67.2% vs. 62.7-70.1%), other rheumatic diseases (7.8% vs. 6.3%), and OA (2.3% vs. 0-2.3%) groups. The concordance rate between QUANTA Flash CCP3 and the other assays ranged from 96.3% to 97.7% (kappa from 0.87 to 0.92). For the diagnosis of RA, the sensitivity/specificity was 67.2%/95.7%, 62.7%/98.3%, 70.2%/96.6%, and 67.2%/97.9%, and the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves were 0.851, 0.791, 0.853, and 0.867 for QUANTA Flash CCP3, Kallestad, Elecsys, and ARCHITECT assays, respectively. The performance of the QUANTA Flash CCP3 was satisfactory and comparable to that of the three CCP2 assays. This fully automated assay would be a practical and reasonable option in clinical laboratories.


Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies; anti-CCP; biomarkers; rheumatoid arthritis; third generation

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