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Pathol Res Pract. 2018 Sep;214(9):1370-1375. doi: 10.1016/j.prp.2018.02.018. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Detection of the DICER1 hotspot mutation alongside immunohistochemical analysis may provide a better diagnostic measure for ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Peking University, People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China.
2
Department of Pathology, Peking University, People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China. Electronic address: shenpath_people@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To evaluate the clinicopathological and histopathological characteristics of ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (SLCTs) in relation to differential diagnosis, and patient prognosis.

METHODS:

A review of clinical data, pathological morphology and immunohistochemical analysis of SLCTs were performed in 18 SLCTs patients. The DICER1 gene mutation was assessed in eight cases that were obtained from in-house surgical resections.

RESULTS:

Among 18 SLCTs patients, three cases had well-differentiated tumors, 8 cases had moderately-differentiated tumors, and the remaining 7 cases had poorly-differentiated tumors. Among the moderately-differentiated tumors, three cases occurred coincidently with other diseases - one case occurred with endometrial carcinoma (grade I), and two cases with endometrial carcinoma of the ovary (grade 2 and grade 3). Immunohistochemical staining for α-inhibin, calretinin, and FOXL2 was positive in all the biopsies tested. The intensity of staining varied depending on the percentage of Sertoli cells and the primitive gonad interstitial composition. DICER1 mutations were detected in three of eight cases that were evaluated and were significantly more in low age range patients (P < 0.05). The initial symptoms of these three cases were sexual changes and elevation of androgen levels. The follow-up time in this study ranged from 3 to 87 months with the mean follow-up time of 29.1 months. Prognosis was generally favorable. There was no recurrence or metastasis in any patient, except for one case with recurrence of endometrial carcinoma.

CONCLUSION:

The clinical presentation of SLCTs can be both varied and complex. Pathological examination is imperative for both diagnostic and prognostic grading. Immunohistochemical stain of α-inhibin, FOXL2, and calretinin and genetic testing for DICER1 mutations will be more potent for differential diagnosis.

KEYWORDS:

Calretinin; DICER1; FOXL2; SLCTs; Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors; α-Inhibin

PMID:
30072170
DOI:
10.1016/j.prp.2018.02.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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