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World J Surg Oncol. 2018 Aug 2;16(1):157. doi: 10.1186/s12957-018-1458-7.

High ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery during sigmoid colon and rectal cancer surgery increases the risk of anastomotic leakage: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department III of Gastrointestinal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University , Xiamen, 361003, Fujian, China.
2
Department III of Gastrointestinal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University , Xiamen, 361003, Fujian, China. suguoqiang66@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The ideal level of ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) during curative resection of sigmoid colon and rectal cancer is still controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the impact of high ligation and low ligation of the IMA on anastomotic leakage, overall morbidity, postoperative mortality, and oncological outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for sigmoid colon and rectal cancer.

METHODS:

PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and BioMed Central databases were searched to identify relevant articles published from May 1953 to March 2018. A total of 18 articles (14 non-randomized studies and 4 randomized clinical trials) were identified. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for analysis of data. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD), with 95% CI, were calculated using either the fixed effects model or random effects model.

RESULTS:

Of the 5917 patients included in this meta-analysis, 3652 patients underwent low ligation of the IMA and 2265 patients underwent high ligation of the IMA. Anastomotic leakage rate was 9.8% in high ligation patients vs. 7.0% in low ligation patients; the risk of anastomotic leakage was significantly higher in high ligation patients (OR = 1.33; 95% CI 1.10-1.62; P = 0.004). What is more, overall morbidity was also significantly higher in high ligation patients (OR = 1.39; 95% CI, 1.05-1.68; P = 0.05). Postoperative mortality, number of harvested lymph nodes, overall recurrence rate, and 5-year survival rate did not differ significantly between the two groups.

CONCLUSION:

Low ligation of the IMA during curative resection of sigmoid colon and rectal cancer appears to be associated with lower risk of anastomotic leakage and overall morbidity. However, there was no significant advantage of low ligation over high ligation of IMA in terms of postoperative mortality, the number of harvested lymph nodes, overall recurrence rate, or 5-year survival rate.

KEYWORDS:

Anastomotic leakage; High ligation; Inferior mesenteric artery; Low ligation; Rectal cancer; Sigmoid colon cancer

PMID:
30071856
PMCID:
PMC6091013
DOI:
10.1186/s12957-018-1458-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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