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Bioresour Technol. 2018 Nov;267:688-695. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.07.088. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Performance evaluation of gaseous emissions and Zn speciation during Zn-rich antibiotic manufacturing wastes and pig manure composting.

Author information

1
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, PR China.
2
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, PR China. Electronic address: zhangzq58@126.com.

Abstract

In this study, the co-composting performance of Zn-rich antibiotic manufacturing wastes (AMW) and pig manure (PM) was evaluated. Four treatments, representing 2.5%, 5%, 10% and 20% of AMW (of PM dry weight) and control without AMW, were established during composting. Results suggested that the temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, NH4+-N and germination index in end product met the maturity and sanitation requirement. More than 99% of residual antibiotic was removed. Compared with PM composting alone, the cumulative CH4 and N2O emissions in AMW composting increased by 13.46-79.00% and 10.78-65.12%, respectively. While the higher mixing ratios of AMW (10% and 20%) presented a negative impact on composing by inhibiting organic matter (OM) degradation and higher NH3 emissions. The AMW had highly bioavailable Zn, but the exchangeable faction of Zn significantly decreased with the composting progress.

KEYWORDS:

Composting; Gaseous emissions; Pig manure; Zinc speciation; Zn-rich antibiotic manufacturing wastes

PMID:
30071460
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2018.07.088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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